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Contributor License Agreement
By contributing you agree to the LICENSE of this repository.
Contributor Code of Conduct
By contributing you agree to respect the Code of Conduct of this repository. (translations)
In a nutshell
“A link to easily download a book” is not always a link to a free book. Please only contribute free content. Make sure it’s free. We do not accept links to pages that require working email addresses to obtain books, but we welcome listings that request them.
- You don’t have to know Git: if you found something of interest which is not already in this repo, please open an Issue with your links propositions.
- If you know Git, please Fork the repo and send Pull Requests (PR).
We have 6 kinds of lists. Choose the right one:
Books : PDF, HTML, ePub, a gitbook.io based site, a Git repo, etc.
Courses : A course is a learning material which is not a book. This is a course.
Interactive Tutorials : An interactive website which lets the user type code or commands and evaluates the result (by “evaluate” we don’t mean “grade”). e.g.: Try Haskell, Try GitHub.
Playgrounds : are online and interactive websites, games or desktop software for learning programming. Write, compile (or run), and share code snippets. Playgrounds often allow you to fork and get your hands dirty by playing with code.
Podcasts and Screencasts : Podcasts and screencasts.
Problem Sets & Competitive Programming : A website or software which lets you assess your programming skills by solving simple or complex problems, with or without code review, with or without comparing the results with other users.
Make sure to follow the guidelines below and respect the Markdown formatting of the files.
- GitHub Actions will run tests to make sure your lists are alphabetized and formatting rules are followed. Be sure to check that your changes pass the tests.
- make sure a book is free. Double-check if needed. It helps the admins if you comment in the PR as to why you think the book is free.
- we don’t accept files hosted on Google Drive, Dropbox, Mega, Scribd, Issuu and other similar file upload platforms
- insert your links in alphabetical order. If you see a misplaced link, please reorder it and submit a PR
- use the link with the most authoritative source (meaning the author’s website is better than the editor’s website, which is better than a third party website)
- no file hosting services (this includes (but is not limited to) Dropbox and Google Drive links)
- always prefer a
https link over a
http one – as long as they are on the same domain and serve the same content
- on root domains, strip the trailing slash:
http://example.com instead of
- always prefer the shortest link:
http://example.com/dir/ is better than
- usually prefer the “current” link over the “version” one:
http://example.com/dir/book/current/ is better than
- if a link has an expired certificate/self-signed certificate/SSL issue of any other kind:
replace it with its
http counterpart if possible (because accepting exceptions can be complicated on mobile devices).
leave it if no
http version is available but the link is still accessible through
https by adding an exception to the browser or ignoring the warning.
remove it otherwise.
- if a link exists in multiple format, add a separate link with a note about each format
- if a resource exists at different places on the Internet
- use the link with the most authoritative source (meaning author’s website is better than editor’s website is better than third party website)
- if they link to different editions, and you judge these editions are different enough to be worth keeping them, add a separate link with a note about each edition (see Issue #2353 to contribute to the discussion on formatting).
- prefer atomic commits (one commit by addition/deletion/modification) over bigger commits. No need to squash your commits before submitting a PR. (We will never enforce this rule as it’s just a matter of convenience for the maintainers)
- if the book is older, include the publication date with the title.
- include the author name or names where appropriate. You can shorten author lists with “
- if the book is not finished, and is still being worked on, add the “
in process” notation, as described below.
- if a resource is restored using the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine (or similar), add the “
archived” notation, as described below. The best versions to use are recent and complete.
- if an email address or account setup is requested before download is enabled, add language-appropriate notes in parentheses, e.g.:
(email address *requested*, not required).
- All lists are
.md files. Try to learn Markdown syntax. It’s simple!
- All the lists start with an Index. The idea is to list and link all sections and subsections there. Keep it in alphabetical order.
- Sections are using level 3 headings (
###), and subsections are level 4 headings (
The idea is to have:
2 empty lines between last link and new section.
1 empty line between heading & first link of its section.
0 empty line between two links.
1 empty line at the end of each
* [An Awesome Book](http://example.com/example.html)
* [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/book.html)
* [Some Other Book](http://example.com/other.html)
Don’t put spaces between
BAD : * [Another Awesome Book] (http://example.com/book.html)
GOOD: * [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/book.html)
If you include the author, use ` - ` (a dash surrounded by single spaces):
BAD : * [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/book.html)- John Doe
GOOD: * [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/book.html) - John Doe
Put a single space between the link and its format:
BAD : * [A Very Awesome Book](https://example.org/book.pdf)(PDF)
GOOD: * [A Very Awesome Book](https://example.org/book.pdf) (PDF)
Author comes before format:
BAD : * [A Very Awesome Book](https://example.org/book.pdf)- (PDF) Jane Roe
GOOD: * [A Very Awesome Book](https://example.org/book.pdf) - Jane Roe (PDF)
BAD : * [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/)- John Doe (HTML)
BAD : * [Another Awesome Book](https://downloads.example.org/book.html)- John Doe (download site)
GOOD: * [Another Awesome Book](http://example.com/) - John Doe (HTML) [(PDF, EPUB)](https://downloads.example.org/book.html)
Include publication year in title for older books:
BAD : * [A Very Awesome Book](https://example.org/book.html) - Jane Roe - 1970
GOOD: * [A Very Awesome Book (1970)](https://example.org/book.html) - Jane Roe
GOOD: * [Will Be An Awesome Book Soon](http://example.com/book2.html) - John Doe (HTML) (:construction: *in process*)
GOOD: * [A Way-backed Interesting Book](https://web.archive.org/web/20211016123456/http://example.com/) - John Doe (HTML) *(:card_file_box: archived)*
While the basics are relatively simple, there is a great diversity in the resources we list. Here are some notes on how we deal with this diversity.
Our lists provide a minimal set of metadata: titles, URLs, creators, platforms, and access notes.
- No invented titles. We try to take titles from the resources themselves; contributors are admonished not to invent titles or use them editorially if this can be avoided. An exception is for older works; if they are primarily of historical interest, a year in parentheses appended to the title helps users know if they are of interest.
- No ALLCAPS titles. Usually title case is appropriate, but when doubt use the capitalization from the source
- We don’t permit shortened URLs.
- Tracking codes must be removed from the URL.
- International URLs should be escaped. Browser bars typically render these to Unicode, but use copy and paste, please.
- Secure (
https) URLs are always preferred over non-secure (
http) urls where HTTPS has been implemented.
- We don’t like URLs that point to webpages that don’t host the listed resource, but instead point elsewhere.
- We want to credit the creators of free resources where appropriate, including translators!
- For translated works the original author should be credited.
- We do not permit links for Creators.
- For compilation or remixed works, the “creator” may need a description. For example, “GoalKicker” or “RIP Tutorial” books are credited as “
Compiled from StackOverflow documentation”.
Platforms and Access Notes
- Courses. Especially for our course lists, the platform is an important part of the resource description. This is because course platforms have different affordances and access models. While we usually won’t list a book that requires a registration, many course platforms have affordances that don’t work without some sort of account. Example course platforms include Coursera, EdX, Udacity, and Udemy. When a course depends on a platform, the platform name should be listed in parentheses.
- YouTube. We have many courses which consist of YouTube playlists. We do not list YouTube as a platform, we try to list the YouTube creator, which is often a sub-platform.
- YouTube videos. We usually don’t link to individual YouTube videos unless they are more than an hour long and are structured like a course or a tutorial.
- Leanpub. Leanpub hosts books with a variety of access models. Sometimes a book can be read without registration; sometimes a book requires a Leanpub account for free access. Given quality of the books and the mixture and fluidity of Leanpub access models, we permit listing of the latter with the access note
*(Leanpub account or valid email requested)*.
The first rule in deciding which list a resource belongs in is to see how the resource describes itself. If it calls itself a book, then maybe it’s a book.
Genres we don’t list
Because the Internet is vast, we don’t include in our lists:
- blog posts
- websites (except for those that host LOTS of items that we list).
- videos that aren’t courses or screencasts.
- book chapters
- teaser samples from books
- IRC or Telegram channels
- Slacks or mailing lists
Our competitive programming lists are not as strict about these exclusions. The scope of the repo is determined by the community; if you want to suggest a change or addition to the scope, please use an issue to make the suggestion.
Books vs. Other Stuff
We’re not that fussy about book-ness. Here are some attributes that signify that a resource is a book:
- it has an ISBN (International Standard Book Number)
- it has a Table of Contents
- a downloadable version is offered, especially ePub files.
- it has editions
- it doesn’t depend on interactive content or videos
- it tries to comprehensively cover a topic
- it’s self-contained
There are lots of books that we list that don’t have these attributes; it can depend on context.
Books vs. Courses
Sometimes these can be hard to distinguish!
Courses often have associated textbooks, which we would list in our books lists. Courses have lectures, exercises, tests, notes or other didactic aids. A single lecture or video by itself is not a course. A powerpoint is not a course.
Interactive Tutorials vs. Other stuff
If you can print it out and retain its essence, it’s not an Interactive Tutorial.